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Printmaking: Choose your paper

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The production of prints or the creation of an artist's book requires, above all, paper with the proper specifications.

 

1. The principal characteristics of papers for printmaking

 

  • Manufacture

    Most papers for use in printmaking are manufactured in the traditional way, in rolls. Of 100% cotton or with a high percentage of this natural material, they are assembled without acid and are available with an alkaline base to guarantee a maximum life.

 

 

  • Color

The classic papers are traditionally white, whether natural or not. Some types are also now offered in various neutral shades: vanilla, light ocher, grey and even black.
 

  • Weight

A description of the thickness of the paper and expressed in grams per square meter. Print makers prefer products with a good "hand," meaning a weight between 200 and 300 g/m² and sufficiently thick.
 

  • Size

Various sizes are available, from 50 x 65 cm (Raisin size) or 56 x 76 cm (Jesus)... up to 120 x 160 cm.  Note: books are printed on large-format sheets, folded and cut to form a "notebook."
 

  • Texture

Most papers used in printmaking are smooth or with a fine texture. Some have a different texture on each face.
 

  • To summarize...

A paper for printmaking must be very resistant. For this reason, it is also characterized by:

- Surface finish: to accept the print.

- Compression strength: to withstand the press.

- Resistance to time (the conservation norm ISO 9706 being the required standard).

- Resistance to moisture (during engraving, the paper is submerged in water for about an hour to render it soft).

 

2. Which paper for what purpose?

 

  • Intaglio or relief engraving

- Line engraving:  "edition," "engraving" or vellum papers. Acid-based techniques (such as etching) require a product devoid of wood fibers.

  • Flat-bed printing

- Lithography: various vellum, specialized engraving paper.

- Screen printing: paper manufactured without glues and which easily absorbs ink.

- Binding: Laid-finish paper ...

Don't forget the indispensable neutral blotting paper for drying prints.

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See also

Printmaking: Basic Concepts
From a single print to a book combining images and selected texts, the uses of the artist print are many. It is always based on careful work, returning as much as possible to traditional techniques.